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Bulgaria PDF Print E-mail
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Sunday, 04 November 2012 07:15


Theland of roses, Bulgaria, is a small country of ancient culture, scenic beauty, friendly people, hospitality and warmth. Bulgaria is situated in south-eastern Europe. It occupies the central part of Balkan peninsula on both sides of the Balkan Range (the Balkans), from which the peninsula has taken its name. The greater part of the northern border with Romania passes along the Danube, and the eastern border is theBlack Sea. The land borders with Yugoslavia andMacedoniato the west, withTurkeyto the south-east, and withGreeceto the south.

Bulgaria isa beautiful mountainous country, with tourism opportunities being one of its biggest assets. Bulgaria possesses beautiful landscapes and beaches, and is becoming a real resort paradise.The Black Sea Coaston its East border is famous for its fine sanded beaches, and perfect temperatures of water and air.


Bulgaria is situatedon the Balkan Peninsula in Southern Europe at one of the world crossroads between the East and the West, crossed by many tribes and people. This geographical position determines its destiny and its landscape diversity.

Prehistoriccultures began developing on Bulgarian lands during the Neolithic period. Its ancient history saw the presence of the Thracians, and later by the Greeks and Romans.

The First Bulgarian Empire was established in 681 AD, which dominated most of the Balkans and functioned as a cultural hub for Slavic peoples during the Middle Ages. With the downfall of the Second Bulgarian Empirein 1396, its territories came under Ottoman rule for nearly five centuries. The Russo-Turkish Warof 1877–1878 created the Third Bulgarian State, which became independent in 1908. The following years saw several conflicts with its neighbours, which prompted Bulgaria to align with Germany in both World Wars. In 1946 it became a Socialist state with a single-party system.

In 1989 the Communist Party allowed multi-partyelections, following which Bulgaria transitioned to democracy and a market-based economy.


Bulgaria is a  parliamentary republic with a high degree of political, administrative and economic centralisation. It is a member of the European Union, NATO and the Council of Europe.

The social rules in Bulgaria are very similar to the rest of Europe. A hand shake is the standard way for greetings.Address people with Mr. “Gospodin” or Mrs. “Gospozho”, followed by their surnames. Friends and family adderss each other with first names and a hug or  kiss. Nodding your head means “no” and shaking the head means “yes”.

Bulgaria uses the Lev (лв) as  official currency, the Euro is also accepted and the Dollar too, but not so much.

The official language in Bulgaria is Bulgarian language. Bulgarian is a Southern Slavic language spoken in Bulgaria and also in Ukraine, Macedonia, Serbia, Turkey, Greece and Romania. Bulgarian is fairly closely related to Serbian, Croatian, Bosnian and Slovene.
Bulgarian was the first Slavic language to be written. It first appeared in writing during the 9th century using the Glagolitic alphabet, which was gradually replaced by an early version of the Cyrillic alphabet over the following centuries.


Bulgaria has four well-defined seasons. The stable snow cover in winter ensures excellent conditions for the development of winter sports at some winter resorts such as Borovets, Pamporovo, Bansko, etc.


The warm lush summer attracts to our seaside resorts at the Black Sea millions of tourists from the country and abroad.


The ancient city of Nessebar is situated on a rocky peninsula of the Black Sea.

Most rivers in Bulgaria flow through mountainous areas.The longest river located solely in our territory, the Iskar, has a length of 400 kilometers. Other major rivers include the Struma and the Maritsa in the south. The river Danube serves as a natural borderline for many national frontiers, but it actually connects European nations instead of dividing them. It is the second longest of European rivers, rising on the east slopes of the Black Forest, and flowing 2850 km across Europe, of which 470km run past Bulgaria.

Veliko Tarnovo is a beautiful historical town.It was the capital of the Second Bulgarian Kingdom.There you can see the ruins of the royal palace.



Plovdiv is the second largest city in Bulgaria. It was historically developed on seven syenite hills, so Plovdiv is often referred to in Bulgaria as "The City of the Seven Hills”. Nowadays the city  is an important economic, transport, cultural and educational center.


The ancient Roman theatre in Plovdiv


The motto of our country “Unity makes strength” is written on the building of Bulgarian Parliament






Sofia is the capital and largest city of Bulgaria and the 15th largest city in the European Union with a population of around 1.2 million people. It is in western Bulgaria, at the foot of MountVitosha and approximately at the centre of the Balkan Peninsula.The well-preserved town walls(especially their substructures) date back before the 7th century BC, when Thracians esta blished their city around a mineral spring, which exists to the present day. Sofia has had several names in the its existence.



Its ancient name, Serdika or Serdica, derives from the local Celtic tribe of the serdi who inhabited the region since the 1st century BC. Serdica was a Roman capital during the tetrarchic system of government.During the Middle Ages, it was one of the major commercial centres of the Bulgarian Empire, along with Tarnovo. Sofia’s population remained small until 1879, when it was declared a capital of the Principality of Bulgaria after the Liberation of Bulgaria from Ottoman rule.


Our school

The 40th General Secondary School `Louis Pasteur` is located in Sofia, the capital of Bulgaria.  The school is named after Louis Pasteur – the great French biologist and explorer. It provides general education to about 500 students from the age of 5 to 19. Our pupils study subjects on the National Curriculum: subjects like Bulgarian, Maths, History, Geography. They also study two foreign languages (English and Russian) and do Science (Biology, Chemistry and Physics). In English and Russian lessons the students work on different projects, trying to practise the language in real situations.



Our school is an associated member of UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) since 1991. We work on UNESCO projects related thematically to the environment, protection of nature and human rights.

To improve the quality of teaching and learning Science, the school organises lots of extra-curricular activities connected with the environment protection. We have a variety of opportunities to participate in different exhibitions and competitions -cookery, art, etc.

Students make models of natural materials: shells, leaves, colored grains, etc.


Our school has a big yard with several playgrounds where we hold different sport events like children safety movement, first aid and disaster protection. Sport activities  promote teamwork, communication, responsibility and leadership.



We are proud of our Folk Formation named `Kitka` (A Bunch of Flowers). They perform national authentic songs. We celebrate their 20th anniversary this year.


Last Updated on Tuesday, 22 January 2013 14:16

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